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º§¡лءͷ

          ǧ¤֡Թ "" 駨ҡ÷ȹ, Է ˹ѧ; ШǺѺ͹ҹҧȾⴹ "" "Ź" Шҧ¤˭ ҡѡѺҡ觢 ͨѡһͧѹͧ ѧ Ҩо͹ 价ӤѡѺҡ ੾ "عࢵ͹" ѡҧѺ͹ҹͺ


ؤ.. ?

         
Ҿҡȷ١úǹẺ ੾зռšз;鹼š к觺֧͡Ҿҡȷعç ҡǶ֧عçͧ ӤѭҧСä Ƿٹҧ Ҩ٧֧ 400 / Ǣͧ͹ ȷҧ͹Ǣͧ ТҴҧ鹼ٹҧͧǾ 觺֧͡ҳҺdzѺҤͺ عçͧب˹Ѵعç˹ԡͧѴعç蹴Թ ѡդ

繻˭ 3

         ؽҤйͧ ѡɳѴ͹ ;Ѵ͹㹷ȷҧǡѹ ҨԴҡط͹Ŵعçͧŧ Դҡҡȵ ͧҡȵ Ҩշȷҧ͹ ҡҾóǴҧ ͧԴ Դ Ѵ

          عࢵ͹ (Tropical cyclone) ҧ ह Ź ǹ繾عҴ˭ǡѹ ШԴ鹡͵㹷 ҡԴ˹ٹٵ շȷҧعǹԡ ҡԴٹٵèعԡ ժ͵ҧѹʶҹԴ Ǥ

          1. ह (hurricane) 繪¡عԴdzȵѹͧط͵Źԡ dzԴ Ѱԡ 硫 Ժ¹ 繵 طừԿԡdz½觻硫

          2. (typhoon) 繪;عԴҧȵѹͧطừԿԡ˹ dzŨչ ǵѧ ȭ ԴпԻԹ ¡ (Baguio)

          3. Ź (cyclone) 繪;عԴطԹ ˹ dzວ Ѻ 繵 ҾعԴdzŵзȵѹ͡§˹ͧ͢ ¡ - (willy-willy)

          4. ⫹͹ (tropical storm) Դ;ࢵ͹Ҵ˭͹ѧŧ ͹㹷 ФǷشٹҧŴŧ͹ҽ 

          5. شʪѹ (depression) ԴͤŴŧҡ⫹͹ 觡ԴؽҤйͧͽ˹ѡ

          6. ط (tornado) 繪¡عԴ㹷ջԡ բҴͷ鹼ٹҧ ع¤٧ ͤǷشٹҧ٧ҡҾع ͤعç㹺dzѴҹ Դ駺 㹷 ҡԴ㹷 ¡ Ҥ蹹 (water spout) ҧҨԴҡͧ عŧҨҡ֧ͧ鹴Թ ٻҧ͹ǧҧ ֧¡ѹ ǧ



蹡ԴͺdzԴعࢵ͹

         
عࢵ͹繤ӷ 价Ѻ¡ع;Ź (Cyclone) ն蹡Դ˹طࢵ͹ᶺеԨٴ ͡ࢵdzٹٵ ѧ»ҡվعࢵ͹Դٹٵ عԴطͷŷس٧ 26 ͧ 27 ͧ ջҳ͹٧ Դѡ͹ǵǹ˭ҡȵѹ͡ҷҧȵѹ Ф駢价ҧеԨٴ٧ ¹駡Ѻ价ҧȵѹ͡ա عࢵ͹Դš ժ¡ҧѹ仵觡Դ

          عࢵ͹зԭԺ 繾طդعçشԴ˹㹺ôҾطԴš 鹼ٹҧҳ 100 â Դ鹾ѺѴçҡ кع¹ͧ ¾Ѵ¹㹷ȷҧǹԡٹҧͧ㹫աš˹ ǹ㹫աšѴ¹ԡ ٹҧعͺǧդ٧ش

          ٧شdzٹҧࡳ㹡þԨóҤعçͧ ҹطừ-ԡ˹ʹҹѹ зŨչա觵͵ŧҧȴѧ 

          - شʪѹࢵ͹ (tropical depression) ٹҧ֧ 34 ͵ (63 /)

          - ⫹͹ (tropical storm) ٹҧ 34 ͵ (63 /) ֧ 64 ͵ (118 /) 

          - (typhoon) ٧شٹҧ 64 ͵ (118 /)

          ѺѺšзҡ "عࢵ͹" ͵㹺dzطừԿԡ оعࢵ͹͵㹺dzطԹ ¡ "Ź" عࢵ͹͵㹺dzطԹ¨µç öͤµͻ蹡ѹ ͷȡ͹dz·ҧҹѹ 㹡óբͧعࢵ͹觡͵طừԿԡзŨչ ͹㹺dzҧ ͧᵡҧѹĴ١

          عࢵ͹ Ź 繻ҡóҵ öӤعç еͧդҡ 64 ͵ (30 /Թҷ, 74 / 118 / ) ѡ "Ҿ" ٹҧͷ¡ "" 繺dzʧ ҡ Ҩнҧ硹 ͺ¾鹷dzҧ¡ ҾعѴਹҡҾ´ǧ硷 ͺҨաᾧբҴҧҳ 16-80 繺dzվؽععçҡعǹͺ  

          ѧ 㹺dzعࢵ͹͹ҹ áлҡѡɳҡ ʹҹ˹Ңͧعࢵ͹Ҷ֧лҡç ˹ѡ վؿҤйͧ ⪡ç Ҩҡط 㹢еҾҶ֧ ҡȨա ʹҹѧͧعҶ֧ҡȨŧաعçҤá 觡͹Ǣͧͺٹҧء͵ٻǧ·蹪Ѵ ᶺǧᢷҨз͡ҡ㹢з١֧ǧع ȷҧǧعͧآѺ˹觷Դ ǹ㴢ͧաšѧ 

          ҡաš˹;بعǹԡ ҹաšعԡ ٧شͧعࢵ͹Ѵդҡ 85 /Թҷ (165 ͵, 190 /, 305 /) طعçҡС͵Ǫǧ٧شҧҨٻҧͧ駴ҹŴ͹Ѳʹ觢ѹص ҡóԴ鹺ҧѡɳ蹹¡ "ҡóѲ" (stadium effect)

          ǧعԴѧҾبԴ;դعçҡ ;ç֧մشѡԴ˴ ͧաᾧҾŧ֧ҳ 8-24 (5-15 ) 觺ҧҨԴ ֧شҨ͵ᶺҹ͡Ǥ ͹ǧҤçѡѹҡѧҾ عçŴŧҧ (٧ش輹ѧŴŧ硹Фҡ٧) 㹷شѧҾشҹ᷹͡ѧ㹨 ءѺդ 

          㹺ҧóҨѺǢ ع͹ŧ¼ѧҷ١᷹ ԧǡ觼ҹҡóѡɳйͺáЪ͡Դͺ 繡Դ͡عçաз дѺعçͧعࢵ͹դԹ 118 õͪ ö͡ 5 дѺ

          - дѺ 1 դ 119-153 õͪ ҧ硹 觼ŵ觻١ҧ չӷѧ½  

          - дѺ 2 դ 154-177 õͪ ҧ硹 ѧ е ˹ҵҧҹ͹ºҧ Դӷѧ  

          - дѺ 3 դ 178-209 õͪ ҧҹҧ çҧ¢Ҵ ӷѧ֧鹺ҹҧ 

          - дѺ 4 դ 210-249 õͪ ҧ٧ ѧҺҹ͹ҹ͹ҧ觶١ ӷҶ֧鹺ҹ  

          - дѺ 5 դҡ 250 õͪ зҧ٧ҡ ѧҺҹ͹ ֡Ҥõҧ ١ ѧ ӷѧҳҡ ֧鹷·ѾԹ㹺ҹ ҨͧС;¾ЪҪ 

          ǡѹعࢵ͹觡͵طừԿԡ դçͧ٧شٹҧҡ 33 ͵ աá˹¡ ͧصعԷšѴª¡عࢵ͹觡͵طừԿԡҡ ͷء㹺dz¡عࢵ͹觡͵Ǣ §ӴѺ͹ѹ

          .. 2543 繵 Դкõ駪;ҾͧͧлҪԡᶺطừԿԡ͹ᶺŨչ 14 ٪ չ ͧ ù ԻԹ Ѱԡ ´ ¹Ӫ§ 5 ʴ ҡ٪Ҩ֧´ʴ 1 ʴ 2 ֧ 5 Ǩ֧¹ʴ 1 ա Ҩաá˹;ؤա

ѹ¢ͧ

1. عçѹѹԴҡ


          ;طաѧҴ ѴҹԴç ͹ҡ ͹⤹ зԴѹ¨ҡѺҹ͹ ҹ͹ѧѺ餹㹺ҹ§Ҵ͵ ͡ǹ˹ѡҡ 俿 俿ҢҴ 俿Ҫ͵ Դԧм餹ҨªԵҡ俿Ҵٴ 餹ҤþѡҨ١ӾѴŧŨӵ ѧ ҡóء ѧѴոҪ

          㹷çѴҡ ˭ ͢Ҵ˭ Ҵ蹵ѹҨж١Ѵ½ ôѹ öеҹعçͧ ˭Ѵ觨дѺӢ٧ҡҤúҹͧ ôШѺ㹷Ŷ١ŧԧ¤

2. عçѹ¨ҡ⫹͹

          ⫹͹դعç¡Ҿ й ѹѹԴҡ÷عѴһзŴŧдѺͧŧҨҡ ֧й鹡عçз¡ѧҡ͹ѹ 㹷çҡöШ͢Ҵ˭ ͹ҡ͹⤹ѧ⫹͹знء ѧѴոҪ 

          ҡѺʶҹó§ աûСɳЪҪҺ ա§ѹҧǶ֧ ԸաôԹ÷㹡;¾ êͼʺµҧ ҧԴ ٭¡ա·駪ԵзѾѵԢͧЪҪ

3. عçѹ¨ҡشʪ

          شʪ繾طաѧ͹ ѹعçսҹҧ ʹҧشʪ蹼ҹ ս˹ѡ ⪡ç繤駤 觺ҧǨعçԴҧ ʹ· 㹷Ť͹ҧçФ蹨Ѵ ôͻ硢Ҵӡ 50 ѹ ç͡Ҩŧ 

          оشʪ蹹㹷Ѻ͹§ʹ 觡մҧҧҨзաѧ©Ѻѹ й ѺҺվشʪ蹢㹷šҧҨաѧ͹Ҩѹ͹ѹ ѺؾѴѴŴŧӴѺ 轹йҹ еҡ֧ 100 12 觵仡зԴӻźҨҡл§ŧҷҹ͹ ѧҡҹ

4. عçѹ¨ҡĴ͹

          Ĵ͹繾طԴ˵ԸաõҧѺشʪ Դ׹蹴Թ͹ͺĴ͹繾طպdz ҳࢵ§ 20-30 ҧ Ҩçҡ֧ 47 ͵ 87 õͪ عաѧçзԴҡ͹ѹ繪ǧ ҳ 2-3 ѹ·Դ鹤 ѡѺҹ͹餹 ҹ͹跹ѧçǾѧ¡ͧѧһѹµͼ餹 ˹ѡҨ١纵 㹡óշաѧç١Ҩе١餹ѺҴкҹͧ

ûͧѹѹ¨ҡ

          1. Դҡ ѧ͹ҡصعԷ

          2. ͺ ҡصعԷ

          3. ١ҧ Ҥç ͧѹѵ§оתšɵ 

          4. ֡ûͧѹ¾Ժѵ Ѻ ҧἹ;¾ҡ 

          5. ͧػ 俩 ẵ ԷءǵԴ 

          6. ;¾Ѻ;¾


͢ͺسҾСͺҡ

- ԡԾ ͧ عࢵ͹

- ԡԾ ͧ ҵ

- ԡԾ ͧ õ駪;عࢵ͹

- ԡԾ ͧ


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